Diabetes Mellitus - Types, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment


Diabetes Millitus is a disease whose main characteristic is the increase of blood sugar. It changes the metabolism of sugar, fat and protein.

Diabetes manifests when the body does not produce the essential amount of insulin so that the body's sugar remains normal. There are two types of Diabetes Mellitus, which are:

Type I: Only 10% of diabetics have type I diabetes, this type manifests mainly in children and adolescents. In it, the individual's pancreas produces little or no insulin, because beta cells, which produce insulin, are irreversibly destroyed and need to receive daily insulin injections. One should control insulin, food and exercise.

Type II: It also appears in children and young people, but is more common after age 30 in obese people and elderly people. In this type, the pancreas continues to produce insulin, but in this case it is the organism that becomes resistant to its effects. Type II is also common for those who have cases in the family.

The symptoms of diabetes are:

  • the concentration of sugar in the blood;
  • increased urinary volume;
  • loss of weight (Type I before treatment, already in type II no)
  • exaggerated hunger;
  • smoky vision;
  • somnolence,
  • nausea;
  • ease of infection;

In people who have type I diabetes, symptoms manifest themselves quickly.

The disease can lead to many complications such as decreased blood circulation that can cause changes in the heart (heart attack), eyes (loss of vision), legs (weakness), kidneys (requires hemodialysis), skin (wounds). , ulcers, amputations) and nerves (paralysis), etc.

The treatment of this disease requires great care, one must control mainly the blood sugar. It takes many exercises and also diets according to the type and also with the patient. In general, diabetics should not eat too much sweet food. People with diabetes also often have high cholesterol, but lowering it also requires control of sugar. Some medications are also used, such as insulin and also oral hypoglycemic agents.

Prevention does not yet exist, as little is known about the onset of type I diabetes. The risks of type II diabetes are in the diet and also in physical exercises.

DISCLAIMER: The information provided on this page should only be used for informational purposes and can never be used instead of a medical diagnosis by a qualified professional. The authors of this site disclaim any legal liability arising from the misuse of the information published here.
Diabetes Mellitus - Types, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment Diabetes Mellitus - Types, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment Reviewed by Apostilas Grátis on janeiro 31, 2019 Rating: 5

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